Media Covers Lawsuit Aimed at Son of Ponzi Schemer

The popular online publication Vancouver Is Awesome, and the North Shore News have published a new article on the latest development in the on-going story regarding Virginia Tan.

Last year, Tan admitted to fraudulently raising at least $30 million from investors as part of a Ponzi scheme. The admission was part of a settlement with the BC Securities Commission.

This latest story covers details of a lawsuit aimed at Tan’s son.  The story, by reporter Jane Seyde, explains:

Bankruptcy trustee Boale, Wood and Co. filed a notice of claim against Marcus Soon-Keen Tan of North Vancouver, alleging six properties he acquired in connection with a real estate development in Surrey since 2011 were bought with funds his mother defrauded from investors.

The bankruptcy trustee is asking the court to transfer ownership of the properties to the trustee for the creditors’ benefit or for Marcus Tan to pay back investors whose funds were allegedly used to buy or make payments on the properties.

The trustee has also asked the court for records tracing money received by Marcus Tan from either of his parents and for assets bought by him with funds from either of them.

No statement of defence has been filed and none of the claims have been proven in court.

You can read the story in Vancouver is Awesome,  or on the North Shore News online.


Will Bankruptcy Affect My Employment?

If I declare bankruptcy, will it affect my employment?  This is a fairly common question that a Licensed Insolvency Trustee (“LIT”) gets asked at the initial interview stage.

You may be wondering if your current or future employer will discover a bankruptcy filing and whether that impacts your ability to obtain work or keep your job.

In a typical bankruptcy, the LIT doesn’t need to notify your employer.  However, there may be situations when filing bankruptcy may affect your application to take on a new job.  Below we answered some of the most common questions around bankruptcy and employment issues.

Will My Current Employer Find out I’ve Filed for Bankruptcy?

As part of the usual bankruptcy process, your employer is not told that you’ve filed a bankruptcy.

The only time an LIT will notify your employer that you have filed a bankruptcy or consumer proposal is in cases where there may be a garnishee in place or where the LIT needs payroll information to determine surplus income or prepare tax returns.  In most cases where the LIT requires information from the employer, we request the debtor to obtain it for us so we don’t have to contact the employer directly for it.

Can I Lose My Job if I File for Bankruptcy?

It is illegal in Canada for an employer to fire someone because they filed for bankruptcy.

Certain professional associations have professional conduct standards that require an individual to disclose if they are bankrupt.  Often these are professions that involve the handling of money and/or trust accounts.  Examples are insurance/investment broker, real estate agent, lawyer or accountant.

Professionals often file a consumer proposal as an alternative to bankruptcy.  Since someone who has entered into a repayment arrangement through a consumer proposal is not a bankrupt, they are generally excluded from these professional guidelines. However, any professional should first check any regulations with their professional association or society before filing.

In general, if the debts you owe are personal in nature and not the result of fraudulent or poor business practices, an insolvency filing shouldn’t impact you professionally.  However, if you are considering an insolvency filing, it’s still important to satisfy yourself of the disclosure requirements to your professional association.

If I File for Bankruptcy, Will I be Able to Get a Job?

You are not required to disclose that you have filed for bankruptcy or a consumer proposal when applying for a job. Potential employers may ask if you are currently bankrupt as part of the application process. They may also choose to conduct an insolvency search or credit check as part of hiring process. This is more common if you are applying for a position that involves significant financial trust.  If you think that an employer is going to ask or perform a background check, it is always better to be up front about it.

Some positions require employees to be bonded by the firm’s insurance company to protect against employee theft and dishonesty.  Bonding provides the firm with compensation in the case of a loss.  It’s a protective measure for the employer. In reality, a bankruptcy on your credit report is not necessarily a bad thing.  It shows that you have dealt with your debt.  If you are undischarged, then you only have one obligation and that is to your LIT.  Unfortunately, if you are unable to be bonded, an employer may choose not to hire you for these types of positions.

As an undischarged bankrupt, you can also be precluded from holding certain roles such as a director of a company, a society or other similar type position until such time as you are discharged from bankruptcy.

Consider filing a Proposal

Many concerns regarding the impact of a bankruptcy on employment do not apply in the case of a proposal. A proposal is a repayment arrangement made with your creditors, to repay a portion of what you owe.  While a proposal is still a legal process administered under Insolvency legislation that can only be filed through an LIT, you’re not a bankrupt when you’re in a proposal.  As such, a proposal can often solve some of the situations that arise in terms of your employment and looking for debt relief solutions.

A Licensed Insolvency Trustee will carefully review your financial situation and provide you with the best course of action without unduly affecting your employment.

Boale, Wood & Company Ltd. has helped thousands of individuals and families overcome debt for more than 14 years.  

Call us.  It’s not too late. (604) 605-3335




Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy Issues Directive on Counselling

In previous newsletters, we addressed the issue of possible changes being proposed to the counselling directive by the Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy (“OSB”).  The OSB issued its draft directive in October 2017 and commenced public consultations, inviting comments from stakeholders.

On January 29, 2018, the OSB issued its final Directive relating to the qualifications of Insolvency Counsellors, referral arrangements and debt advisors, along with the transition phases and its plan to revamp the entire counselling curriculum. The Directive can be found here.

The OSB has stated that the first phase of amendments will contribute to a level playing field for all LITs and reduce risks to the integrity of the consumer insolvency process related to:

  • LIT involvement in prohibited referral arrangements; and,
  • reliance on intermediaries whose activities are incompatible with an LIT’s legal and professional responsibilities.

It will also provide LITs with flexibility to accommodate debtor circumstances in the delivery of insolvency counselling, and by ensuring insolvent Canadians continue to benefit from:

  • Access to insolvency proceedings at regulated rates;
  • Open choice of an LIT; and,
  • Protection from unnecessary costs and predatory activities.

The second phase of the counselling amendments, including on line modules, will de developed in 2018 and beyond.  No timetable for the implementation has been set.

Improved protections

The aim of the Directive is to ensure that:

  • consumers are not charged more for the insolvency process than is allowed under the BIA. This will be accomplished by having the counsellor registered against the LITs license and not be involved in any unregulated and unnecessary services or predatory activities.
  • consumer debtors and bankrupts are free to choose whatever LIT they want and make an open choice of an LIT, rather than being directed to a specific LIT chosen for them under an arrangement negotiated by the person who will then provide their BIA insolvency counselling.
  • consumer debtors and bankrupts receive clear and accurate information, regarding responsibility for insolvency counselling, related fees, and the roles and responsibilities of debtors, LITs and registered BIA Insolvency Counsellors.
  • consumer debtor’s or bankrupt’s informed consent to the LIT is now required prior to the sharing of that debtor’s insolvency information with ahird-party BIA Insolvency Counsellor.

Additional delivery flexibility

  • Directive No. 1R4 provides flexibility to accommodate an insolvent person’s circumstances related to participation in insolvency counselling by video conference in order to avoid significant inconvenience; or at the third-party location of a registered BIA Insolvency.
  • Upcoming renewal of the BIA insolvency counselling curriculum will provide further delivery enhancements, such as the addition of on-line learning modules at no cost to the debtor.

LITs relying on third-party BIA Insolvency Counsellors

There is no restriction from LITs relying on third-party BIA Insolvency Counsellors.  However, these counsellors must meet registration requirements under the Directive and adhere to the same professional standards as LITs themselves are required to follow including adherence to all relevant provisions of the BIA, its Rules — including the LIT Code of Ethics – and Directives from the OSB.

The Directive applies only to LITs.  It does not restrict a third party to provide unregulated products and services to Canadians outside the scope and parameters of federal insolvency legislation.


It is our view that the changes to the Directive will enhance the counselling process for consumers and provide delivery flexibility for LITs where the debtor is in a remote location or where there are other circumstances where a face to face meeting would be inconvenient. The Directive comes into force on October 1, 2018.  Until that time, the previous Directive applies. Details regarding this Directive can be found here.

Boale, Wood & Company Ltd. has helped thousands of individuals and families overcome debt for more than 14 years.  

Call us.  It’s not too late. (604) 605-3335




Canadian Federal Budget 2018

Here’s a collection of stories regarding the federal budget released 27 March 2018.

Headline: Federal budget highlights: Twelve things you need to know:  From gender equality and parental leave, to research funding and small business tax reform, here are the key changes in the federal budget

via Globe and Mail

Headline: Federal budget 2018: Highlights of Bill Morneau’s ‘equality + growth’ budget.

via CBC News

Headline: Trudeau government reveals the 2018 federal budget.

via Global News

Headline: Five ways the federal budget may affect average Canadians: Smoking just got more expensive, housing hopefully will get cheaper and the tax hit for cannabis.

via Financial Post

Take Control of Your Debt

Christmas is over, you’re back to work and the bills start coming in.  You realize that you overspent during the holiday season and now the debt is overwhelming.  Minimum payments will keep the calls from coming but, you realize that you’re treading water.

Debt stress can lead to other issues relating to health, relationship and employment to say the least.  But when you have reached the point where you can no longer pay your bills, it is overwhelming.  Is it time to panic or deal with your debt head on?

The Bank of Canada has repeatedly stated that one of its top concerns is the high level of Canadian household debt.  Notwithstanding those concerns, the level of household debt continues to rise, hitting 171.1 per cent of disposable income in the third quarter of 2017.  This means that the average household owes $171 for every $100 of income.

You need a solution to deal with all of your creditors to become debt free and make a fresh start.

There are some tips that can help you take control of your debt and build towards a sound financial future to avoid having your debts get out of control.

  • Prepare a budget so that you know where you are spending your money. A budget will help you identify areas where potential savings can be made. For anyone who is tech savvy, you can download a number of free apps which might make budgeting more fun. The results of your budget will show you how much is left over for debt servicing.  As well, a lot of bank online websites have budget or spend tracking tools that can help you keep track of your finances.  Its not the big things that are hurting you, it’s the nickel and dime things that need to be tracked.
  • Change your spending habits. Overspending is one of the most common ways to get into debt.  Keeping track of your expenses is a great way to know where your money is going, what exactly your spending it on and to change your overspending ways.
  • Figure out the best way to reduce debt. Two well known methods are called the Snowball Plan. This starts with trying to pay off the smallest debt and leads up to the largest.  This occurs while you are still paying only the minimum payment on all your other debts.  The other method is called the Avalanche Plan. The Avalanche Plan method starts by throwing as much money as you can at the debt with the highest interest rate.  Again, all while still paying only the minimum on all your other debts. Once that highest interest debt is paid off you go onto the next highest interest debt and so on and so forth.
  • Lastly get some professional help. Some of you will get a better sense of where you are financially and be able to get out of it on your own.  But for most, it won’t be that simple. The amount of money left over at the end of the day will show that you only have enough left over to make minimum payments, which will only leave you treading water. And if something happens where your income is suddenly reduced, you might not even be able to make the minimum payments and you will soon fall behind on the payments.  Then the calls will come.

So, the best way to meet that debt head on is to take control.

At Boale, Wood and Company Ltd, we understand the stress that unmanageable debt can cause.

Call us. It’s not too late.  (604) 605-3335.


Insolvency and Taxes, the Real Facts

A common misconception – Income taxes are not included in a proposal or a bankruptcy.

False! Income taxes and almost all other debts are included in a bankruptcy or a proposal, including any debt one might owe to the tax department as a result of being a director of a corporation.

Sometimes, despite their best efforts at financial management, Canadians get to a point where they simply can’t pay their debts as they become due. Whether due to inability to pay taxes, problems with a business, loss of employment, unexpected financial obligations or other unplanned factors, they become insolvent. They need to seek the advice of a Licensed Insolvency Trustee, who can inform them about their options.

There is another misconception in Canada that there are government programs that allow you to enter into payment arrangements with your creditors. In reality, there are no such programs. There is, however, legislation that allows you to compromise your debts.  For consumers, that legislation is the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act.

There is an abundance of misleading information about credit and debt repayment programs in the marketplace and on the Internet. Many unlicensed and unregulated non-trustee firms use phrases such as “Avoid bankruptcy” or “We can help reduce your debt to one monthly payment,” common themes that you read about in advertising all the time.

Other organizations that offer “credit or debt consolidation”, payment programs or some form of debt relief are in the business of helping you organize your payments and thus charge a fee for their service, whether they tell you up front or not. Even non-profit programs charge fees. The fees charged by these firms differ from company to company and are not to be found anywhere in their promotional material. The fees of a Licensed Insolvency Trustee in a consumer proposal and in a bankruptcy, are set out in the Rules of Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act.  In other words, all Licensed Insolvency Trustees get paid the same fee.

While non-trustee firms will offer to help an individual avoid bankruptcy, in many cases all that is happening is the inevitable is being delayed or you will be put on a debt repayment program that is so onerous you may eventually default on it and be worse off than when you started. And if you owe any government agency money, including Canada Revenue Agency a tax debt, none of these programs will work.  Government debt can only be dealt with by a Licensed Insolvency Trustee. Remember, if it sounds too good to be true, it probably is.

As well, the majority of these companies have no government oversight, no professional association, no regulatory body and no code of ethics. Licensed Insolvency Trustees have all of these.

The thought of meeting with a Licensed Insolvency Trustee can make people uncomfortable because of the social stigma attached to the word “bankruptcy”. The typical consumer is often unaware of the role of the trustee and the options these professionals can make available for dealing with debt. Unfortunately, that fear will cause many to delay getting the advice they need.

Trustees are highly trained professionals and the only ones licensed by the Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy (OSB) who can file a consumer proposal or a bankruptcy.  Despite what you may read on the internet, no one else can help you with these options.

To help ensure that the rules are followed, the OSB is responsible for supervising the process and protecting the public interest.  The OSB is also responsible for issuing operating licenses to Trustees and for reviewing everything that a trustee does, ensuring that every debtor is treated exactly the same and fairly as outlined under the Act.

How to get the process started?

A proposal or a bankruptcy will begin with a meeting between the individual and a licensed insolvency trustee who will assess their financial situation, explain the options available and explain the debtor’s rights and responsibilities. After the meeting, the debtor will have enough information to make an informed decision about the next step. Remember, only a Licensed Insolvency Trustee can file a proposal or a bankruptcy.  Its never too late to get information.

Call us today. (604) 605-3335

It’s not too late.

Do I Need a Lawyer if I am in Debt?

Debt is stressful.  If you are stressed because of your debt, and your income doesn’t meet living expenses and the required minimum payments, you need a plan to get your finances in order.

You may receive harassing phone calls and letters from collection agencies.  You may start receiving collection/demand letters from lawyers threatening or even initiating court action which can lead to wage garnishments, seizure of assets or liens against your property.  Your first instinct is to call a lawyer.  However, is this the right call?

If your goal is to achieve relief from debt stress, prevent further collections actions against you and make a fresh start, a lawyer will likely not be necessary in most cases. You need to contact a Licensed Insolvency Trustee (“LIT”).

LIT’s are licensed and regulated by the federal government through the Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy and are tasked with ensuring the legal rights of debtors and creditors are balanced according to the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act.  LIT’s have the knowledge to guide you through every step of the process to the discharge of your debts. However, you are required to fulfill certain responsibilities, so you can complete the entire process without the Courts ever being involved.

When to Seek Legal Advice

If you are a party to litigation, having legal representation may be necessary.  Though most consumer debt likely could take place in small claims court where you are able to represent yourself, a lawyer’s expertise or guidance might still be of significant required particularly if you are collecting a debt, disputing the debt, or if the matter is complex or highly consequential.   If you don’t dispute the debt and you are only trying to delay matters, you need to speak to an LIT, not necessarily a lawyer.

What about bankruptcy lawyers?

It is rare for an insolvency lawyer to become involved in consumer debt situations, as the focus of their practice tends to involve complex and corporate matters. However, if one or more of your creditors tries to petition you into bankruptcy (involuntary) or objects to your discharge from bankruptcy, then legal counsel may be necessary.  Usually when there is creditor objection to a discharge, the LIT would likely advise you to seek legal advice.  If CRA is the opposing creditor it is likely you need a lawyer, a bankruptcy lawyer, not a tax lawyer.

I owe CRA.  Do I need a tax lawyer?

If you are experiencing tax problems with Canada Revenue Agency (“CRA”) and are burdened with serious debt problems, CRA may be only one of several creditors that you have to deal with.

Why use an LIT instead of a tax lawyer? An LIT can:

  • Provide you with a full financial appraisal of your situation;
  • Deal with all of your debts while a tax lawyer only deals with your CRA debt; the rest remains;
  • Advise you on insolvency alternatives which include Division I proposal or consumer proposals , credit counseling and debt consolidation and, as a final option, bankruptcy;
  • Provide immediate protection with a Stay of Proceedings by filing a Division I Proposal, Consumer Proposal or an Assignment in Bankruptcy;
  • Advise what amounts are payable under the statute;
  • Be less expensive than using a tax lawyer because in many cases the Trustee doesn’t charge a fee over and above what the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act requires to be paid;
  • Save you money because the actual amount required to settle using a lawyer may be higher than what debts could be settled for in a proposal or a bankruptcy;
  • Offer you a free consultation while a tax lawyer usually requires a retainer.

There are a few cases in which you may want to consult a tax lawyer:

  • Your debts chiefly or only involve CRA;
  • You are not insolvent;
  • CRA has registered liens on your property (bankruptcy does not always remove liens);
  • Communication between you and your tax lawyer is privileged; a trustee must seek and make full disclosure;
  • You can avoid a bankruptcy filing and use the voluntary disclosure rules on all of your conduct and transactions;
  • You are being prosecuted by the Department of Justice in relation to your tax reporting and therefore do require a lawyer.

Free Confidential Consultation

LITs are the only debt professionals that can administer proposals and bankruptcies.   Credit counsellors and/or debt advisors are not licensed by the OSB and have no ability to file a proposal or a bankruptcy.  This is despite what they may lead you to believe on their websites.

One of the major benefits of using an LIT is that the filing of a proposal or bankruptcy provides an immediate Stay of Proceedings on all collections actions, wage garnishments and asset seizures being taken against you. They also prevent any future action being taken as long as you honour the terms outlined by your Licensed Insolvency Trustee.

You are entitled to have or seek legal counsel at any time during a bankruptcy, however, it is rarely necessary.

At Boale, Wood & Company, we will provide you with a no charge, confidential, assessment of your financial position.  You should never pay an up-front fee to obtain advice on how to deal with debt or a fee to be referred to an LIT.

Call us.  It’s not too late. (604) 605-3335

A Closer Look at November 2017 Insolvency Stats

Consumer insolvencies in BC increased in November 2017 by 14.7 percent from October 2017.  Consumer proposals increased 11.7 percent while bankruptcies decreased 19.7 percent.

The proportion of proposals in consumer insolvencies in BC accounted for 60.32 percent during November 2017 while they accounted for 55.22 percent for all insolvencies across Canada for the same period.

Consumer insolvencies in BC for the 12-month period ending November, 2017, decreased by 0.9 percent compared with the 12-month period ending November, 2016. Consumer bankruptcies decreased by 1.7 percent, while consumer proposals decreased by 0.4 percent. Consumer insolvencies in all of Canada are down by 1.3 percent over the same period last year.  BC accounted for 8.24 percent of all insolvencies in Canada in November 2017.

The proportion of proposals in consumer insolvencies in BC was 60.32 percent during the 12-month period ending November, 2017, slightly up from 60.0 percent during the 12-month period ending November 2016.  It indicates the popularity of consumer proposals as a way for consumers to deal with their debt and with dealing with a Licensed Insolvency Trustee over other unregulated service providers.

While insolvencies across Canada are down overall by 1.7 percent, bankruptcies are down 11.8 percent but proposals are up by 9.2 percent.

The insolvency statistics indicate the increasing benefits of the protections provided to consumers under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act over other non-legislated options, whether that is a consumer proposal or a bankruptcy.   It also indicates that consumers are seeing the benefits of seeking the professional advice of a Licensed Insolvency Trustee rather than those of other non regulated service providers.

If you would like to know exact details of how a consumer proposal or a bankruptcy would benefit you in dealing with debt, call us at (604) 605-3335 to schedule a free consultation.

Call us.  It’s not too late.

See this article for more on Canadian insolvency statistics for July 2017.

Canadian Insolvency Stats for November 2017

The latest numbers from the office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy Canada shows a 0.9% percent increase in the total number of insolvencies in Canada in November 2017 compared to the previous month.

Bankruptcies decreased by 3.7% percent and proposals increased by 5.2% percent.

Compared to a year earlier, insolvencies decreased by 1.5%

Other stats: For the 12 month period ending November 30, 2017, the total number of insolvencies decreased by 3.4 percent compared with the 12-month period ending November 30, 2016.

You can read the summary and full report here.


Surrey Office has a new Location

Effective February 1, 2018, the Surrey office of Boale, Wood and Company Ltd has moved to:

250 – 15117 101 Avenue, Surrey, BC.  V3R 8P7

Our phone and fax numbers will remain the same.

Our Surrey office is open from 8:30 to 5:00 pm, Monday through Friday.  Free parking is available.  Please use Reserved stall #6 or any of the visitor parking spots.